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Levett Yeats multiple formats at archive. Orrain: A Romance New York et al. Levett Yeats multiple formats at Google; US access only multiple formats at archive. Stokes Co. Levett Yeats, illust. Utmost Gallantry: The U. McKee, Christopher. Naval Officer Corps, — Owsley, Frank Lawrence. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, Novato, CA: Presidio, Palmer, Michael A.
Quimby, Robert S. The U. Silverstone, Scott A. Skaggs, David Curtis, and Gerald T. Stuart, Reginald C. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, Sword, Wiley. Symonds, Craig L. New York: Vintage Press, Watson, Samuel J. If you are researching this era on any topic, from army and militia matters to Indian, veteran, and naval affairs, be certain to start here.
If interested in visiting the battlefield, visit this site. A Canadian website, the information contained within offers a counterbalance to the usually American-centric analysis of the war.
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Site: presidentialrhetoric. Cook spent forty years acquiring the largest collection of documents regarding the War of in the South. Visit this collection to gain insight into what the War of meant for the South, particularly through documents about the Creek War, the war in the Gulf of Mexica, and the Battle of New Orleans.
It provides a narrative history of all the major battles and skirmishes of the conflict. Chapter 5 analyzes the period between the War of and up through the American Civil War, though the latter conflict itself is addressed in the next two chapters. In the interim, the expanding frontier continued to absorb the regular U. Army, assisted by militia, had been crucial for implementing federal policy in the Wars of Indians Removal and the Trail of Tears. As for the U. Navy, it maintained a modest fleet of smaller-to-medium sized vessels to protect American shipping and advance national interests in seas around the world.
The most prominent conflict between and the Civil War was the Mexican War of After the Mexican War, the U. Army returned to its regular peacetime duties, building and garrisoning outposts on the Great Plains and in far western territories of the Mexican Cession and the Pacific Northwest. By that time, the vast majority of Indians residing east of the Mississippi River after the War of had been removed for white settlement. In this chapter, students will learn about the military reforms that followed the War of Central to explaining the effects of military reforms in this period is a discussion of the experiences of antebellum soldiers and sailors.
Students will also learn about the Wars of Indian Removal. This chapter will also explain the U. Reduction Act of - Reduced the U. Army from 12, personnel, mostly enlisted men, down to 6, John C.
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In war, the country would quickly recruit and train enlistees for military service. After the poor performance of the U. His reforms changed the institution from a largely engineering school to a promoter of military professionalism. In the name of denying aid to the Seminole Indians, Jackson marched into Spanish Florida and captured two Spanish forts, executing two Britons he accused of supplying the Seminole Indians.
Seminoles - Native American group of various native peoples traditionally settled in Florida. Attempts by the United States government to seize their lands turned bloody in the Seminole Wars of the nineteenth-century. Indian Removal Act of - Passed during the Andrew Jackson presidency, the policy paid native groups to abandon their traditional homelands in the American southeast and move west of the Mississippi to new lands provided by the federal government.
Wars of Indian Removal - A period of conflict and forced migration in the early nineteenth-century in the American southeast when the United States government attempted to relocate Native American tribes from their traditional homelands. Osceola - , Warrior leader of a band of Seminoles who fought Americans during the Second Seminole War, captured by General Thomas Jesup and died in captivity.
Thomas Jesup - , American officer and in command of U. Taylor went on to become the twelfth president of the United States. Second Creek War - Sometimes called the Creek War, white speculators defrauded Creeks of their land titles and squatters settled what was rightfully Creek territory in Alabama. Tensions erupted in , precipitating U. Trail of Tears - the forced relocation of Cherokees and other native groups from the southeast United States to Oklahoma throughout the bitter winter of , claiming anywhere from 4, to 8, lives.
Treaty of New Echota - An agreement between the U. It became the basis for the Trail of Tears, or the forced relocation west during the winter of A show of force brought the pirates to terms and the James Madison administration began a permanent naval presence in the Mediterranean. Matthew C. Perry - , A U.
James K. Polk - , The eleventh president of the United States, noted proponent of American expansion, and commander-in-chief during the Mexican-American War Battle of Palo Alto - One of the first Mexican-War engagements in Texas on May 8, where Zachary Taylor employed superior artillery to repulse Mexican cavalry charges, inflicting heavy casualties while suffering relatively few in return.
After crossing 3, miles of desert and mountains and fighting two engagements, the force occupied Chihuahua. Battle of Monterrey - An American victory during the Mexican-American War fought between September 20 to 24, , with most of the clashes being urban fighting, requiring house-clearing operations. An American march hundreds of miles inland toward Mexico City led to the capture of the capital.
Despite large numbers of desertions, it was an impressive tactical victory for outnumbered an inexperienced Americans led by Zachary Taylor against Santa Anna. Sand Creek Massacre — One of the bloodiest and most brutal attacks against a Native American group, in which Colorado militia killed between and mostly women and children of the Cheyenne and Arapahoe tribes in Ball, Durwood. Army Regulars on the Western Frontier, — Durwood Ball focuses specifically on the challenges, duties, and responsibilities of U.
Army units stationed in the western borderlands between the Mexican War and the American Civil war. Bauer, K. The Mexican War, New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Clary, David A. New York: Bantam Books, Eagles and Empire addresses both U. Beginning in the late eighteenth century, David Clary discusses developments such as the Texas Revolution before devoting the bulk of the narrative to the Mexican War of , addressing political, military and social topics.
Coffman, Edward M. The best social history of the U. Army between the end of the Revolution to the Spanish-American War. The Old Army analyzes such topics as enlistment, training, relationships between officers and troops, discipline, life on frontier posts, and professionalism. Ellisor, John. John Ellisor has written the only recent, comprehensive study of the Second Creek War. While recounting the causes and extent of hostilities, the book also illustrates the social and ethnic complexity of the Old Southwest, including how some blacks and whites supported the Creeks in their efforts to resist removal.
Jung, Patrick J. The Black Hawk War of In addition to being narrative of the Black Hawk War, Jung situates the conflict in the context of previous Indian efforts to resist white expansion in the Old Northwest. Leeman, William P. Naval Academy. May, Robert E. Robert May has written perhaps the best recent, single-volume work on the private military adventurers known as filibusters.
Though filibustering expeditions had occurred previously, they were particularly problematic for Latin America in the decade after the Mexican-American War. Assessing their popularity among expansionist-minded elements of the U. Missall, John and Mary Lou Missall.
This book provides a convenient overview of the three Seminole Wars that occurred between and and events in between them, though it does not incorporate some recent scholarship. Prucha, Francis Paul. Though dated, Sword of the Republic offers an overview of U. Schroeder, John H. This book is a detailed biography of Matthew C. Perry, the most distinguished American naval officer of the early the nineteenth century. Best known for leading the expeditions that opened Japan to U. In doing so, the book also provides insight into the antebellum U. Navy and American society of the era.
Skelton, William B. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, He argues that the officer corps began to become professional only after the War of , prior to which political issues and uncertainly prevented men from considering officership as a career. Skelton looks at the institutions and factors that enabled army officers to adopt professional attitudes, examining the role of the United States Military Academy, frontier service, and the shared values and attitudes.
Valle, James E. Annapolis: United States Naval Institute press, Rocks and Shoals addresses order and discipline in the antebellum U. Navy, illustrating the strict and violent nature of service aboard its ships at sea. In this first book of his two-volume study, Samuel Watson assesses how officers developed a more professional ethos as they tried to enforce national policies in borderlands regions during the War of and its immediate aftermath.
Watson includes factors such as institutional instability, civil-military relations, and regional preferences that affected those officers serving in the U. Army in Florida, in Louisiana, and along the Missouri River. Army through to the start of the Mexican War. After graduating from the U.
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This brought the U. This last group suffered grievously from the United States push westward. Winders, Richard Bruce. While addressing army organization and causes of the war, the book examines the men who served, both U. Army regulars and volunteers, their experiences during the conflicts, and the nature and quality of leadership. Surfboats and Horse Marines: U. Naval Operations in the Mexican War, — Annapolis: U. Naval Institute, Brack, Gene M. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, Connor, Seymour V. Eby, Cecil D. Engstrand, Iris Wilson.
Culture y Cultura: Consequences of the U. Faulk, Odie B. Stout, Jr. The Mexican War: Changing Interpretations. Chicago: Sage Books, Francaviglia, Richard V. Richmond, eds. Dueling Eagles: Reinterpreting the U. Foos, Paul W. Hatch, Thom. New York: St. Johannsen, Robert Walter. Johnson, Timothy D. Karsten, Peter. New York: Free Press, Lewis, Felice Flanery. Mahon, John K. History of the Second Seminole War, — Gainesville: University of Florida Press, Nichols, Roger L.
Tate, Michael L. The Frontier Army in the Settlement of the West. Site: JohnHorse. There you will not only find the text of the act but also contemporary newspaper stories, maps, links to other web sites, and a selected bibliography. Perry expedition to Japan in , visit this project from Brown University. Site: CivilWarAnimated. Try using this website while reading the textbook.
If you like what the creators of this website have done, be sure to follow their tab for other wars in American history. Site: NachesTrail. De Lacy during the Yakima Indian War in It provides insight into U. Army operations in the Washington territory after a confederation of three tribes attempted to repel white settlers in spring Chapter 6 examines the first two years of the American Civil War.
Though the U. Far more Americans fought and died in the Civil War of than in all other previous conflicts put together.
Its numerous engagements ranged from huge pitched battles with tens of thousands of soldiers on a side, to small skirmishes and raids involving just a few dozen. Between and , both the Union and the Confederacy mobilized resources and manpower to prosecute a large conventional war. But the unprecedented size of their armies and limited numbers of men with prior military experience made using them difficult.
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In most Civil War campaigns, the Union pursued the strategic offensive. These failures prompted Federal leaders to adopt a different, tougher approach to the war, one that Lincoln began with the Emancipation Proclamation, but continued to evolve until In this chapter, students will learn about the major campaigns and battles in and How each side mobilized manpower and the tactics and technology used to fight battles in the Civil War will be examined.
Emphasis on the relative strengths and weaknesses of the Union and the Confederacy, as well as the initial strategies and the diplomacy both sides pursued, is of particular importance. John Brown — A radical abolitionist who, in , led a small band that briefly captured a U.
He was then captured and, in facing execution for his crimes, became a martyr for the cause of ending slavery and abolitionism. The ball projectile, along with the smooth bore, lessened accuracy and limited range. Hollow-shaped at the base, the combustion of the gunpowder expanded the base of the bullet to contact the rifling in the barrel, increasing range and accuracy.
Eastern Theater - The area between the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean where the heaviest conventional fighting occurred during the Civil War. Western Theater - The area between the Mississippi River and the Appalachian Mountains during the Civil War that saw relatively smaller forces engaged compared to the Eastern Theater, but where fighting was often more irregular and vicious. Anaconda Plan - Civil War strategy developed by U. General Winfield Scott. In order to deny the Confederacy resources to support its war effort, the plan called for a U. The first major engagement of the conflict, Union failures in coordination and execution contributed to a Confederate victory.
Confederate Conscription Act - An April law in the Confederate states that made all able-bodied men between years old eligible for the draft during the Civil War. Taking place in the summer of in New York City, Irish immigrants angry about their conscription attacked and killed dozens of black residents. George B. Supremely capable of training men, his overly cautious nature during fighting made him a less successful combat leader. Ulysses S. Grant became commander of all Union armies in after a succession of ineffectual leaders. His aggressive nature and battlefield capabilities helped defeat the Confederacy.
Union Army of the Tennessee - Union army that operated in the Western Theater during the Civil War; commanded at different times by notable generals U. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman. Smashing Confederate hopes of retaking Tennessee, the Battle of Shiloh is also notable for one of the first shockingly bloody battles of the war. New Orleans - One of the few centers of southern industry and finance for the Confederate States during the Civil War, captured by Union forces in April Robert E. Using speed, deception, and terrain, Jackson distracted Union attention and drew Federal reinforcements away from the concurrent Peninsula Campaign.
The stunning Confederate victory ultimately led to the Southern invasion of Maryland and the Battle of Antietam. Bragg is also the namesake of the U. The Preliminary Proclamation of September 22, stated that the U. The Final Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, stipulated the specific areas in which slaves were now free.
Most often executed with the use of ships that block water lanes, land forces can also block the transfer of materials, such as in the Berlin Blockade of Ironclads - Ships covered in iron armor, typically steam-powered. First used in the Civil War by both the Union and Confederacy. Rosecrans was victorious in the Battle of Corinth and the Battle of Stones River, successes negated by the humiliating defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in September The Confederate Army of Tennessee retreated on January 2, after suffering about a third of their number in casualties, giving the Union a much-needed victory after the disaster of Fredericksburg.
Ash, Stephen V. He examines how the experience of occupation varied by place, over time, and the different types of conflicts it could generate. Attie, Jeanie. Through the lens of the U. Sanitary Commision, Jeanie Attie scrutinizes how and why the organization of volunteer efforts among northern women raised issues and questions about the wartime constructions of class and gender roles. Blair, William Alan. This books brings to light the wartime attempts on the Virginian home front to provide food for its citizens and soldiers, raise manpower for the Confederate Army, and maintain good morale among the soldiers.
Because so many battles occurred in this state, they slowly ground down the will and material ability of Virginians to support the Confederate war effort. Caudill, Edward, and Paul Ashdown. Faust, Drew Gilpin. A social history, Mothers of Invention examines how the Civil War changed the lives of elite Southern women.
Using letters and diaries, Drew Gilpin Faust charts their reaction to the absence of men fighting with Confederate armies and other challenges posed by the war, including how it affected their sense of identity. New York: Knopf, Drew Gilpin Faust examines how the war challenged pre-existing attitudes about dying, and the efforts both during and after the war to inter, record, and memorialize the dead. She notes how post-war efforts reflected an expanded role for government, and enabled former enemies to bury lingering animosities. Gallagher, Gary W. The Confederate War.
Gary W. Gallagher debunks previous ideas that ascribed Confederate defeat in the Civil War to internal weaknesses such as poor civilian morale or lack of nationalism, noting that the Union also suffered from such problems. Rather, he emphasizes contingency: how people reacted to military events and episodes.
Central to his treatment of the war is Robert E. Gallagher argues Lee not only understood Southern expectations and weaknesses, but that due to his early victories and the defeats of other Confederate commanders , he became the primary hope for Confederate victory. The Union War. Rather he demonstrates their chief motivation was to preserve the integrity of the United States, and with it democracy.
Geary, James W. Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle examines the contribution made by the approximately , black soldiers towards Union victory, specifically those who served with the United States Colored Troops USCT. These units had white officers, and Glatthaar examines their relationship with the troops. While describing the development of successful white-black relationships within USCT regiments during the war, the book also notes how soldiers faced racial prejudice afterwards, during Reconstruction.
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New York: Cambridge University Press. Mark Grimsley argues that the Lincoln administration initially sought to respect civilian property, but that as the war continued and the extent of southern support for secession made itself clear, it came to adopt harsher measures. At their worst, though, Union treatment of Confederate non- combatants was not as bad as portrayed in many popular accounts of the war. Guelzo, Allen C. Hall, Richard H. Women on the Civil War Battlefront. Richard Hall argues the women served more often and in more roles during the Civil War than is popularly accepted.
These included uniformed service in the armies as well as spying, scouting, smuggling, and nursing. Hall uses case studies of women for whom sufficient documentary evidence exists, and includes a list of some who served during the Civil War. Jenkins, Wilbert L. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, In this survey, Wilbert Jenkins argues not only that the Civil War was a critical moment in African-American history but also that African Americans exercised agency, albeit limited by explicit and implicit forms of racism, during the conflict.
Later in Reconstruction they faced racial violence despite working together to affect political change. New York: HarperCollins, His analysis illustrates how the campaign devastated the will and material ability of Georgians to continue to support the Confederate war effort.
Linderman, Gerald F. Embattled Courage is one of a number of books that focus specifically on the experiences of soldiers in the Civil War. McPherson, James. McPherson begins in the antebelleum period, examining the events, developments and issues particularly slavery that after many decades precipitated southern secession in The book then addresses the war itself, and finally the period of Reconstruction. An alternative is his Ordeal by Fire , written more as a student textbook.
New York: Penguin, The book assesses his relationships with his generals, his approach to strategy and operations, and the role of political concerns in his military policies. Mitchell, Reid. Reid Mitchell probes such motivations of Union soldiers to volunteer for service, such as community and family values. Because so many units contained men hailing from the same counties or towns, camaraderie helped keep them fighting despite heavy losses. Nolan, Alan T. Lee Considered: General Robert E. Lee and Civil War History. Alan Nolan confronts the myths surrounding the Confederate general to offer a critical assessment of Robert L.
Lee and his place in history. Rable, George C. While discussing commanders, plans, and the course of the battle, the book gives devotes attention to the motivations, perspectives and experiences of common soldiers, both before and during the fight. Rafuse, Ethan S. It also describes attitudes and expectations prevalent on both sides when the Civil War began, examining the motivation of men who volunteered for military service.
Reardon, Carol. In the years that followed, other factors — such as efforts to memorialize the fallen and reconciliation — contributed to cementing an account of the assault in popular memory that to this date contains biases and factual errors. Roberts, William H. William Roberts offers detailed analysis of both Union and Confederate Navies, and also explores the effects of steam engines, metal armor, and increasingly powerful cannon on naval warfare and Union victories.
Charles Royster compares and contrasts the levels of destruction propagated by Sherman and Jackson during the Civil War. Royster finds that Jackson quickly embraced the devastation believed the warfare to be apocalyptic in nature and victory to be achieved only by annihilation of the enemy. In time, Sherman also recognized that defeating the Confederacy required his forces to deprive the Confederacy of the will and material capability to continue fighting.
Reid, Brian Holden. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, In this book Reid focuses on and assesses Civil War operations in its first three years, though he also examines politics, strategy, and tactics to better inform his treatment of campaign planning and command. Sears, Stephen W. New York: Houghton Mifflin, Stephen Sears presents a detailed account of plans, operations and combat, assessing the strengths and failures of commanders George McClellan, Robert E.
Lee, and Joseph E. Shea and Winshell argue that the Union seizure of Vicksburg stood as the decisive moment in the Civil War. The Union deprived the Confederacy of the north-south route along of the Mississippi, as well as the east-west railroad arteries connecting Texas and Louisiana to the rest of the Confederacy. The resulting logistical challenges could not be overcome by the Confederates.
This book analyzes the military commanders, combat operations, and tactics for both sides. Stoker, Donald J. The Grand Design: Strategy and the U. Civil War. The Civil War at Sea. Craig Symonds book offers a concise overview of naval warfare during the Civil War. The Civil War at Sea discusses new technologies such as ironclads and torpedoes, the Union blockade and Confederate commerce raiders, riverine operations, and campaigns against major southern ports. Weigley, Russell F. Indiana: University of Bloomington Press, Woodworth, Steven E.
Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, Beneath a Northern Sky offers a solid introduction to the Gettysburg campaign. Drawing upon a large body of literature, it provides a comprehensive narrative covering planning, operations, a detailed account of the three-day battle, and the Confederate retreat. Steven Woodworth offers a brief survey of the key engagements at Chickamauga and Chattanooga during fall of He places these campaigns in context, noting they stemmed from the Union victory at Vicksburg in July Woodworth provides analyses of such military leaders as William Rosecrans and Braxton Bragg, and of such factors as terrain, transportation, and intelligence.
Adams, George Worthington. Adams, Michael C. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Ayers, Edward L. Norton, Beringer, Richard E. Why the South Lost the Civil War. Athens: University of Georgia Press, Browning, Robert M. Burton, William L. Ames: Iowa State University Press, Campbell, Jaqueline Glass. Castel, Albert E. Decision in the West: The Atlanta Campaign of Clark, John Elwood. Connelly, Thomas Lawrence.
Cozzens, Peter. Cunningham, O. Shiloh and the Western Campaign of Edited by Gary D. Joiner and Timothy B. New York: Savas Beatie, Downs, Jim. Escott, Paul D. Feis, William B. Fellman, Michael. Fishel, Edwin C. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. These would let Spock estimate the date that his observations of the cluster are coming from. Chapter XIV Dissociation can refer to a range of detached mental states from daydreaming to fugue and depersonalization.
The condition of the timeship crew would be toward the severe end of the spectrum. In the Prime universe she is only a lieutenant as of the early s, so her alternate self would have had to be promoted rather more rapidly. Somehow those characters are able to pass through walls, tables, and the like, but never fall through the floor! Here I attempt to explain that discrepancy. But offering an explanation for that was too much of a digression.
The explanation here lets me fill in a gap in the temporal theory I posited in WTC. But I failed to explain the commonplace scenario where time travelers would then restore the original history afterward. If the quantum information from the original timeline had been erased, overwritten by the new one after the moment of convergence, how could it then be recovered? This has some basis in the concepts discussed in WTC p. Although as suggested before, there does often seem to be historical resonance between timelines so that similar events occur in different ones.
L37, Epilogue So while they cut off their dealings with the UFP after , it must have taken a while before they left the region completely. Of course, that story did not make the same assumptions that I have here, instead suggesting that all they learned from Kirk was the basic idea of slingshot and they deduced the specifics on their own, but if you squint a little it still fits with what I established here. The Centauran oak reference is an oblique nod to the novel Crisis on Centaurus by Brad Ferguson, which asserted that Kirk owned a cabin in the Alpha Centauri system.
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Learn how your comment data is processed. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Sign me up! Christopher L. Bennett: Written Worlds An author's journal. Bennett Bibliography. Forgotten History Annotations Leave a comment Go to comments. The Tuesday in question is February 22, The historical resonance is with the mythical Bermuda Triangle on Earth.
Entropy is the tendency of a system to tend toward disorder and the loss of useful energy, and is the reason perpetual-motion machines are impossible. But if entropy were milder, there might be less energy loss. The design for the timeship is loosely inspired by the conjectural Balclutha class designed by fan artist Hal Schuster and appearing in the fan-published Files Magazine series. But only loosely. This is not meant to imply that Delgado is especially villainous; it was originally just a placeholder name for my notes and outline, but I never got around to changing it.
Nor is he based on either of those actors; my mental model for the character was Hector Elizondo. Geodesics are unaccelerated paths through spacetime, or the shortest paths from one point to another. On the curved surface of the Earth, a geodesic is an arc of a great circle, such as a meridian or the Equator. In curved spacetime, geodesics can take complex shapes.
The geodesics near a rotating black hole may spiral in toward it, but those are unaccelerated paths; a ship under thrust could pull away if it set the right course. And warp drive, the ability to move effectively faster than light, should allow escape even from within the event horizon of a black hole, which is merely the distance at which the escape velocity from the singularity equals the speed of light.
So the ship having to struggle to break free from the Black Star at warp was problematical. My explanation for how Spock beamed people into their own past bodies previously appeared in WTC. For more on the Hawking radiation problem, see my notes on the stress-energy tensor from WTC, p. Like this: Like Loading Comments 0 Trackbacks 0 Leave a comment Trackback.
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